Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ

МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ

Нижегородский государственный университет им. Н.И. Лобачевского

Национальный исследовательский университет

ПРАКТИКУМ ПО ДОМАШНЕМУ ЧТЕНИЮ «UNSOLVED MYSTERIES»

ЧАСТЬ 2

Практикум

Рекомендовано методической комиссией факультета международных отношений для студентов ННГУ, обучающихся по направлениям подготовки 030700 «Международные отношения», 032300 «Регионоведение»

Нижний Новгород

УДК 42.8 (07)

ББК 143.21я.73

П 69

П 69ПРАКТИКУМ ПО ДОМАШНЕМУ ЧТЕНИЮ «UNSOLVED MYSTERIES». ЧАСТЬ 2. Составители: Жерновая О.Р., Глазунова Н.А., Подгусков В.Н., Ходырева Е.Б.: Практикум. – Нижний Новгород: Нижегородский госуниверситет, 2012. – 33с.

Рецензент: д.и.н., профессор И.В. Рыжов

Целью данного практикума является развитие необходимых навыков анализа текста и ведения дискуссии, а также речевой и языковой компетенций, у студентов 1-го и 2-го курсов факультета международных Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ отношений, изучающих английский язык как основной на среднем этапе обучения.

Ответственный за выпуск:

Председатель методической комиссии факультета международных отношений ННГУ им. Н.И. Лобачевского, к.и.н., доцент С.В. Кривов

УДК 42.8(07)

ББК 143.21я.73

© Нижегородский государственный

Университет им. Н.И. Лобачевского, 2012

Contents

Введение 4

UNIT I. THE MAN FROM NOWHERE 5

Pronunciation 5

Warm-up 5

Reading 5

Comprehension check 7

Word Study 8

Writing 9

Talking Point 9

UNIT II. LIZZIE BORDEN 10

Pronunciation 10

Warm-up 10

Reading 10

Comprehension check 13

Word Study 14

Writing 15

Talking Point 15

UNIT III. ANASTAIA 16

Pronunciation 16

Warm-up 16

Reading 16

Comprehension check 19

Word Study 20

Writing 21

Talking Point 21

UNIT IV. THE GIRL WHO JUST FADED AWAY 22

Pronunciation 22

Warm-up 22

Reading Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ 22

Comprehension check 24

Word Study 24

Writing 26

Talking Point 26

UNIT V. AMBROSE BIERCE 27

Pronunciation 27

Warm-up 27

Reading 27

Comprehension check 29

Word Study 30

Speaking 31

Talking Point 31

Введение

Предлагаемый практикум по домашнему чтению может быть использован для развития навыков чтения, письма и говорения у студентов, владеющих средним уровнем (intermediate level) английского языка.

Все рассказы посвящены неразрешенным загадкам и представляют интересный сюжетный материал, что, в свою очередь, дает возможность учащимся выйти на обсуждение проблемных вопросов.

Все тексты сборника снабжены упражнениями на понимание содержания, фонетическими упражнениями, лексическим комментарием, вопросами для дальнейшей дискуссии и составления монологического или диалогического высказывания, а также, письменными заданиями для написания эссе, газетной статьи или рассказа Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ.

В качестве заданий на развитие лексики в упражнения по каждому тексту включены фразеологические глаголы и идиомы.

UNIT I

THE MAN FROM NOWHERE

Pronunciation

Note the pronunciation of the following words:

1. inquisitive

2. squinted

3. uttered

4. legible

5. inscribed

6. seized

7. purported

8. tutelage

9. wielding

10. assigned

Warm-up

Work in groups and discuss the following questions:

Have you ever heard about any inexplicable murder cases which were not solved and still remain a puzzle? Compare your answers with your group-mates. Do they have anything in common?

Reading

Read the text and answer the following questions:

1. Who was a strange young man first noticed by?

2. What did Kasper Hauser constantly repeat at the police station?

3. Where did the Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ young man spend his first night in the city?

4. What was offered for anyone who could identify the young man?



5. What was Kasper Hauser taught to do under the tutelage of Dr. Daumer?

6. When and why did Kasper Hauser die?

He was a strange one all right … just as the authorities said … this young man who acted as though he had just dropped in from another world.

He was just outside the new gate entrance to the city of Nuremberg, Germany, when an inquisitive policeman first noticed him. He was clean but so poorly dressed that he was almost ragged. The Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ policeman later told his supervisors that he had first been attracted to the young man by the difficulty with which he seemed to walk … as though suffering from some deformity which caused him to stumble. His feet were badly swollen; his eyes were squinted against the light.

The inquisitive policeman tried to question the lad but he learned nothing … over and over the stranger kept repeating. …

“I want to be a soldier like my father was!”

It didn’t sound like an expression of determination … but more like a chant … as though the strange young man who Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ uttered it was merely reciting words he didn’t understand.

The policeman led him to the station, where the mayor and other local dignitaries gathered to observe and question this unusual visitor. In a monotone the young man continued to repeat his assertion that he wished to be a soldier like his father.

His name? He evidently didn’t understand what they were saying and he stared blankly. But when a pen was placed in his hand he giggled nervously and wrote in a slow, legible hand … KASPER HAUSER. He could not … or would not … write anything else. But on that Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ quiet Whit-Monday* afternoon in 1828, the young man had inscribed on the records the name that was to mark the beginning of a puzzle which remains unsolved to this day.

When food was placed before him, he seized it in his hands and crammed it into his mouth as though he were famished. A mug of cold milk was evidently something he had never encountered before and he recoiled from it. Water he drank, but not until he had sampled it with a forefinger.

Just before nightfall, while the baffled city fathers of Nuremberg were trying to decide Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ what to do with their enigmatic visitor, he presented them with two more pieces to the puzzle … two letters wrapped in rags which he carried inside his tattered vest. One letter purported to be from his mother. Dated sixteen years before, it urged anyone who found the boy to send him to Nuremberg when he was seventeen so he could enlist in the Sixth Cavalry of which his father had been member, according to the letter.

The other missive was badly written and purported to be from someone who had found the boy and cared for him but who could no Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ longer support him.

Oddly, both letters were written on some sort of thin leather or parchment which was not familiar to the officials at Nuremberg.

Kasper Hauser, if that was indeed his name, spent that first night with the city’s most learned man, Dr. Daumer, where the young man promptly astonished his host by trying to pick the flame off a candle. Further tests brought out that he had no depth perception whatever and, although he seemed to be in full possession of his faculties, they were as undeveloped as those of a baby.

Although the condition of Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ his feet and legs indicated that he had walked a considerable distance, no one could be found who had seen him on the road. A reward was offered for anyone who could identify him. Pictures were distributed throughout Europe, but to no avail. The more the officials probed, the deeper the mystery of Kasper Hauser became.

Under the kind and patient tutelage of Dr. Daumer, Kasper Hauser learned quickly … first to speak … and then to write. He told his newfound friends that he had been raised since infancy in total darkness in a cellar … had never Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ tasted anything except black bread and water … had never seen the man who brought his food in total darkness. He had seldom heard his speech … and then only a few words. But how, or why, or where he had spent those years he had no idea.

In October of 1829, Kasper came stumbling out of Dr. Daumer’s basement, bleeding from a deep gash on the head which he said had been inflicted by a masked man wielding a long knife. The city officials assigned two policemen o guard him after that … but while they dozed on the afternoon of 14 December 1833 Kasper Hauser Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ went for a stroll in the park across the street … a stroll from which he came staggering back a few minutes later … dying from a stab wound which surgeons said could not have been self-inflicted.

The snow in the park revealed no footprints other than Kasper’s … and no trace o the weapon.

The well-documented facts in the enigma of Kasper Hauser entitle it to a place in the records as one of the strangest cases of its kind.

Von Feuerbach wrote of him: “Kasper Hauser showed such ignorance of the simplest facts of life and such Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ horror of the necessities of civilization that one feels driven to believe that he was a native of another planet transferred by some miracle to our own.”

Comprehension check

I. Some of these statements about Kasper Hauser are true, others are false. Decide whether each statement is true or false and correct the false ones.

1. The policeman told his supervisors that he had first been attracted to the young man by his poor shabby clothes.

2. The policeman led Kasper Hauser to Dr. Daumer’s place, where the mayor and other local dignitaries gathered to observe and question Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ this unusual visitor.

3. When the young man was given some food, he seized it in his hands and crammed it into his mouth.

4. The strange young man had two unusual letters wrapped in rags which he carried inside his tattered vest. One letter purported to be from his father.

5. The other missive was well written and purported to be from a man who had found the boy and cared for him but who could no longer support him.

6. The young man promptly astonished Dr. Daumer by trying to pick the flame off a candle.

7. The tests brought out that the Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ young man was in full possession of his faculties, although they were a bit undeveloped.

8. Under the tutelage of Dr. Daumer, Kasper Hauser learned to speak, to write and to eat.

9. In November of 1829, Kasper was wounded by a masked man wielding a knife.

10. Kasper Hauser died from a stab wound which surgeons said could not have been self-inflicted.

II. Answer more detailed questions:

1. Where did that mysterious case take place?

2. What did Kasper Hauser look like when he first appeared in the city of Nuremberg?

3. What was the policeman attracted to the strange young man by?

4. Where did Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ the policeman lead Kasper Hauser to?

5. Could the young man write?

6. How did Kasper Hauser eat when food was placed before him?

7. What two letters did the young man present the local dignitaries with?

8. Who were these letters purported to be from?

9. What was Dr. Daumer astonished by when Kasper Hauser stayed at his place?

10. What did the condition of Kasper Hauser’s feet and legs indicate?

11. Did the city officials manage to find anyone who could identify the mysterious young man?

12. What did Kasper Hauser tell his newfound friends about his childhood?

13. What incident happened to Kasper Hauser Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ in October of 1829?

14. Why were two policemen assigned to guard the young man?

15. When did Kasper Hauser come back home dying from a stab wound?

16. Why did that case remain unsolved?

Word study

I. Give definitions to the following verbs from the text:

1. to stumble

2. to squint

3. to utter

4. to recite

5. to stare (blankly)

6. to giggle

7. to seize

8. to cram

9. to recoil from

10. to sample

11. to inflict

12. to stagger

II. Find words in the text to the following definitions:

1. to visit someone informally without arranging a particular time

2. asking too many questions and trying to find out too many details about someone or something

3. someone who has an important official position

4. written or printed Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ clearly enough for you to read

5. being in a state of not understanding anything

6. to experience something

7. to claim to be or do something, even if this is not true

8. to join the army, navy

9. a letter

10. to not succeed in getting what you want

11. responsibility for someone’s education

12. to sleep lightly for a short time

13. to give someone a particular job or make them responsible for a particular person or thing

14. a walk

15. a sign

III. Use the lexical units from the exercises above in the sentences of your own.

Writing

What do you think happened to Kasper Hauser? Write a paragraph of about 100-120 words giving your personal opinion.

Talking point

Retell Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ this unsolved mystery using active vocabulary from the name of:

- a policeman who first noticed Kasper Hauser;

- one of the city officials;

- Dr. Daumer;

- a newspaper reporter.

UNIT II

LIZZIE BORDEN

Pronunciation

Note the pronunciation of the following words:

1. prominent

2. inexplicable

3. to sign

4. cautious

5. prussic acid

6. suspicious

7. epilepsy

8. spacious

9. verdict

10. guilty

11. curious

12. mature

Warm-up

Work in groups, discuss the following questions:

1. Do you know about any other inexplicable murder cases? Consider the cases of Jack the Ripper, President J.F. Kennedy's assassination etc.

2. Why do you think these cases still remain unsolved mysteries? Compare your answers with your group-mates. Do they have anything in common?

Reading

Read the text and answer the Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ following questions:

1. What was one of the reasons Lizzie hated her stepmother?

2. Why did the Bordens keep their door locked?

3. According to Lizzie, where was she when her father was killed?

4. Where was Abby Borden?

5. Why did Lizzie want to buy poison?

6. How long did it take the jury to reach a verdict?

At 8.00 am, 4 August, the day was already hottest of the year. In the dining room of their big white house in Second Street, members of the Borden family were having breakfast. At the table sat prominent 70-year-old businessman Andrew Borden, his second wife Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ, Abby and a brother-in-law of Andrew's, John Morse. John was manager of one of the Borden farms. Andrew's two daughters by his first marriage, Emma and Lizzie, were absent. Emma was visiting friends in a nearby town.

Lizzie, a rather unattractive, inhibited, unmarried woman of 32 had not yet come downstairs. Except for her hobby, fishing, and her participation in church activities, Lizzie spent a lot of time alone, often up in her room. About every four months she had what her family called 'funny turns'. At such times she did peculiar, inexplicable things; she never Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ remembered these incidents afterwards. We now realise that her 'funny turns' were attacks of epilepsy.

Lizzie disliked her stepmother intensely, especially after Andrew signed over property to his wife's sister that his daughters felt should be theirs.

Andrew Borden was a person who enjoyed making money but hated spending it. When his daughters asked him for money he almost always turned them down. The Bordens were rich but they certainly did not live like people with money. Andrew also had the reputation in Fall River of being a very hard man in business dealings; as a result, he had many enemies Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ.

There was one other person in the house that torrid August morning. Bridget, the Irish maid. Bridget was in the kitchen preparing to go outside and wash the windows. She was quite unhappy about it. She did not feel well and resented Mrs Borden's orders to wash the windows. Bridget was not the only one who felt ill. With the exception of Lizzie, everyone in the house had stomach trouble. They decided it was something they had eaten the night before.

The time was now 8.45 am. John Morse left the house to visit other relatives in Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ Fall River. Andrew also departed, heading for the financial district.

Lizzie descended the stairs just as her father was going out of the front door. She greeted Bridget but said nothing to her stepmother. Abby climbed the stairs to the second floor bedrooms to make the beds. Bridget went outside to wash the windows. She took the key to the kitchen door with her. Since a robbery two months before the Bordens were extremely cautious about locking their doors. Lizzie began ironing some clothes. It was now 9.30 am.

At 10.40 someone knocked at the front door. Bridget, now working inside the Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ house, hurried to see who it was. She heard someone laugh behind her as she struggled with the key. It was Lizzie, standing on the stairs. At last the maid got the door open. The person outside was Andrew Borden; he had forgotten his keys.

As Bridget returned to the kitchen, Lizzie came down to the sitting room and told her father, 'Your wife has gone out. She had a note from someone who was sick.' Andrew said that he, too, felt rather weak and decided to stretch out on the sofa and take a nap before lunch Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ.

Lizzie went back to her ironing. Bridget, who had finished washing the windows inside and out, said she still felt ill. Lizzie told her to go up to her room and rest until it was time to make lunch. As the girl climbed to her small, hot, third-floor room, she heard the clock strike 11.00.

Ten minutes later Lizzie called out from downstairs: 'Bridget! Come quick! Father's dead. Somebody came in and killed him!'

The astonished maid rushed down the stairs and found Lizzie standing by the kitchen door. 'Go across the street and get Dr Bowen Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ,' she said. 'Run!'

When the doctor arrived, Lizzie explained, 'Just as I was returning to the house from the barn I heard a loud groan. The kitchen door was wide open.'

The doctor quickly examined Andrew's body and discovered that the man had been struck in the head eleven times with an axe. Being asleep, he never knew what hit him.

Lizzie told Bridget to go to ask her friend Alice Russell to come and stay with her. Meanwhile, another neighbour, Adelaide Churchill, had seen Dr Bowen enter the house next door and rushed over to find out what Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ had happened. When she asked where Abby was, Lizzie replied that she did not know. Then she added, 'But I believe I heard her come in a short while ago.' She turned to Bridget,' Go upstairs and see.'

Mrs Churchill accompanied the Irish girl. They found Abby Borden lying face down on the guest room floor. She had been hit on the back of the head nineteen times with an axe.

It was now 11.40, half an hour after Andrew Borden's bloody, lifeless body had been discovered in the sitting room. Policemen were already surrounding the house and Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ a crowd of curious people had gathered in the street. The news had travelled fast.

About this time John Morse returned from his visit across town. He did a very strange thing when he saw the crowd in the street: he went round to the back of the house and began eating pears from one of the trees. As soon as he was told what had happened, however, he went into the house. He explained where he had been to the police, but they were not fully convinced. For one thing, his manner was too casual.

The police made a complete search Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ of the house but found nothing suspicious. Nor did they find a note asking Mrs Borden to go to a sick friend. Later someone reported that a stranger had been seen near the house earlier that morning; he was never seen again.

Lizzie was able to account for every move she had made that morning; however, the police considered her to be their number one suspect. Lizzie's calm cool manner under the horrible circumstances caused them to be suspicious. In addition, she kept contradicting herself.

There was another matter that caused the police to suspect Lizzie. The day Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ before the murder she had gone to several shops trying to buy prussic acid, a deadly poison. She wanted it, she said, to kill moths in her fur coat. The shop owners refused to sell it to her.

According to Lizzie, she had been in the house all morning, except when, shortly after her father's return home, she went to the barn to get some things she needed for a fishing trip. Then, when she returned to the house, she discovered her father's body.

One week later Lizzie was arrested. There was, however, no real evidence Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ against her. What motive did she have? She hated her stepmother, it is true, but not enough to kill her. She adored her father, so why would she kill him? For his money? She and her sister Emma would become rich the moment he died. What about Bridget, the maid, and John Morse, Andrew's brother-in-law? Could one of them have committed the murder?

The trial began on 5 June, 1892, and lasted ten days. At first the public and the press were anti-Lizzie Borden, but little by little they came round. How could a quiet, respectable, mature Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ woman like Lizzie commit such a terrible crime?

Finally the jury left the courtroom but was out only one hour. When they returned they delivered a verdict of not guilty. The courtroom suddenly became wild with cheers and applause.

Once more life in Fall River became normal. The two Borden sisters, now that they had their father's money, bought a lovely big new house in the most fashionable section of Fall River. They lived together in this beautiful, spacious mansion for several years. Then they quarreled and Emma moved out, leaving Lizzie all by herself in Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ the empty house. In 1927, Lizzie passed away at the age of 67, alone and unloved.

Today visitors to Fall River almost always ask to see the old Borden house on Second Street. 'Did Lizzie Borden really murder her parents?' they ask. The people of Fall River simply shake their heads and say, 'No one will ever know.' Probably not, but on the other hand, if Lizzie did not commit the murder, who did?

Comprehension check

I. Look back at the reading and find information to fill the gaps in this paragraph:

Lizzie Borden's father, a very rich man, hated_____money. Lizzie thought Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ that her_____, Abby, had too much influence on Andrew Borden. That was one of the reasons she _____Abby. Once Lizzie asked her father for money to entertain some church friends but Andrew_____her request. Lizzie became furious when her father_____some property to Abby's sister; it was supposed to go to Lizzie and her sister,_____. It is possible that when this happened Lizzie had one of her attacks of _____. As a result, she may have murdered her parents with an_____. The _____, during the trial, brought in a _____of not guilty, but was she really innocent? We'll never know Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ.

II. Answer more detailed questions:

1. How many people were there in the Bordens family? Name them.

2. What kind of woman was Lizzie Borden?

3. Did she suffer from any disease?

4. Why did she dislike her stepmother?

5. What kind of person was Andrew Borden, Lizzie's father?

6. Why was Bridget, the Irish maid, unhappy about doing her duties one morning?

7. Where did other members of the family go and what did they do that morning?

8. When was Andrew Borden killed?

9. Who discovered his body?

10. What did the doctor's examination show?

11. How was Abby's body discovered? Who did Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ it?

12. What did John Morse do when he saw the crowd of people in the street?

13. Why did not the police believe John Morse at first?

14. Why did the police consider Lizzie Borden to be number one suspect?

15. Where was Lizzie at the time of the murder?

16. Why was Lizzie found not guilty?

17. How did Lizzie Borden live after the trial?

18. Why do visitors to Fall River want to see the old house of the Bordens?

Word study

I. Find words in the text to the following definitions:

1. short sleep

2. unable to express true feelings

3. sharp tool to cut wood

4. twelve people to decide Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ a law case in court

5. saying the opposite of something said before

6. decision made in a law case

7. extremely hot

8. deep sound made by someone in pain

9. reason for committing a crime

10. later wife of one's father

11. farm building for storing things in

12. dislike someone for something he/she has done

II. Match the phrasal verbs and their definitions:

1. sign over a. lie down

2. turned down b. die

3. stretch out c. refuse a request

4. come round d. give rights with a formal document

5. pass away e. agree after first refusing

III. Find English equivalents for the following expressions in Russian:

1. от первого брака

2. расстройство желудка

3. за исключением

4. при обстоятельствах

5. понемногу, постепенно

6. обожать кого-либо

7. подозреваемый номер один

8. смертельный яд

9. вынести приговор

10. в Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ одиночестве

IV. Use the lexical units from the exercises above in the sentences of your own.

Writing

You are a neighbour of the Bordens, living opposite them in Second Street. It is the afternoon of 4 August, 1892. You have been asked by the local newspaper to write an article telling what you know about the crime.

Talking point

I. Sort out these solutions under the headings:

Solution 1: Lizzie murdered her parents; it was a planned crime

Solution 2: Lizzie killed her parents during one of her epileptic attacks

Solution 3: Someone else, not Lizzie, murdered the Bordens

1. The day before the murder she tried to buy prussic Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ acid, a deadly poison

2. Lizzie adored her father and would never knowingly have done any harm to him

3. She disliked her stepmother intensely but not enough to kill her

4. Lizzie hated her stepmother and resented the way her father refused to spend money

5. The morning of the murder everyone in the family had stomach trouble except Lizzie

6. Lizzie said a boy boy asking Abby to go to a sick friend. No note was ever found and no friends of Mrs Borden were sick

7. Three time a year Lizzie had attacks of epilepsy. At such times she didn't know what she was doing Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ and later remembered nothing

8. John Morse hired someone to commit the crime. As manager of one of Andrew's farms he had made some dishonest deals; if Andrew had discovered them, he would surely have put Morse in prison

9. A note brought to the house that morning told of the transfer of Borden property to Abby's sister, which originally meant for Andrew's daughters. When Lizzie saw the note she had an epileptic attack

10. Bridget was in the house and she was angry with Mrs Borden, not only for making her wash the windows but for many previous things Abby had Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ done to make her life miserable

11. A suspicious-looking stranger had been seen in the neighbourhood that morning. A maniac with no motive at all could have entered the house and killed the Bordens

12. Various businessmen in Fall River had strong motives for wanting to see Andrew Borden dead. It could have been one of them.

13. Lizzie told her friend that her father had many enemies. She was afraid something terrible was going to happen to him soon

II. Make up one of the dialogues between:

1. John Morse and the police officer

2. Dr. Bowen and Alice Russell

3. Abby Borden and Bridget

4. Lizzie and her father

UNIT III

ANASTASIA

Pronunciation

I Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ. Note the pronunciation of the following proper nouns:

1. Anastasia

2. Bucharest

3. Berlin

4. The Landwehr Canal

5. Baron von Kleist

6. Princess Irene of Prussia

7. Romania

8. Charlottesville

9. Mrs. John Manahan

10. The Grand Duchess of Russia

11. Tsar Nicholas II

II. Pay attention to the pronunciation of the following common nouns:

1. lawsuit

2. anxious

3. heirs

4. to identify-identification-identity

5. assassination

6. validity-valid

7. physician

8. measles

9. tuberculosis

10. inheritance

11. imposter

Warm-up

Working in groups, discuss the following questions:

1. Does the name Anastasia Nicholaievna Romanova mean anything to you?

2. What do you know about the destiny of the Tsar's family after the Bolshevik revolution? Compare your answers with the class. Do they have anything in common?

Reading

Read the text and answer the questions:

1. Why was the mysterious woman called “Miss Unknown Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ”?

2. Why did Anastasia want to go to Berlin?

3. What was possibly the reason for Anastasia's bad moods?

4. At what time did Anastasia speak Russian?

5. What was Professor Manahan's reason for inviting Anastasia to Charlottesville, Virginia?

It was a cold winter's night-22 February, to be exact. A policeman, walking along Berlin's Landwehr Canal, heard a loud splash and quickly jumped in and pulled out a young woman. With this event began a story that initiated the longest lawsuit in legal history.

The young woman was taken to a mental hospital. She carried no identification and refused Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ to give her name; it was obvious that she was not used to doing anything that she did not want to do.

The people at the hospital began to call her “Miss Unknown”. A physical examination of the young woman, who appeared to be about twenty years old, showed that her body was covered with scars. She spoke very little and when she did it was in German, although with a foreign accent. She was usually polite, sometimes even pleasant. After a time she seemed to get used to hospital life.

One of the other patients at the Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ hospital had read an article about the Russian Tsar, Nicholas II, and his family. A photograph accompanied the article. The woman decided that the mysterious new patient looked very much like one of the Tsar's daughters. In addition, “Miss Unknown” became depressed when she saw the photo. One day in the autumn of 1921, however, she admitted that she was the Grand Duchess Anastasia Nicholaievna Romanova of Russia.

Her story came out slowly and painfully. Russia was in the middle of a revolution. The Bolsheviks had captured the Imperial family and were holding them prisoners in a house in Ekaterinburg Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ. On the evening of 16 July, 1918, the family was led to a basement room and shot. The bodies were taken out to an old mine and burned.

According to the young woman's story, she, Anastasia (as we all now call her), fainted just as the soldiers fired their guns. Her sister, Tatiana, fell on top of her, protecting Anastasia and thus saving her life. The next thing Anastasia remembered, she was in a farm cart being smuggled out of Russia by one of the guards at Ekaterinburg, Alexander Tschaikovsky, who was secretly loyal to the Tsar. When he saw Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ that Anastasia was alive he took her to his family's farm. Then, with the Tschaikovskys accompanying her, Anastasia began a long, hard journey to Romania.

Finally they reached Bucharest. Anastasia remained there for a year, during which time she had Alexander Tschaikovsky's son, then married the father. Not long after that Alexander was murdered by Bolsheviks who had discovered how he had helped the Tsar's daughter to escape.

Taking her brother-in-law, Sergei Tschaikovsky, with her, Anastasia headed for Germany, leaving her son with the Tschaikovsky's family. She was anxious to get to Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ Berlin, where members of her mother's family lived.

At last she and Sergei reached Berlin. They checked in a hotel and made plans to try to find Anastasia's grandmother the next day. The following morning, when she went to Sergei's room, Anastasia discovered that he had disappeared.

All day she walked the streets of Berlin, not knowing what to do; she was not used to being alone and making her own decisions. She had come to Berlin to find her mother's relatives but now, with nothing to identify her, she was afraid to go to them. Night fell Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ and as she walked beside the Landwehr Canal she became so discouraged that she jumped into the water.

Later, when members of the Russian colony read an article about “Anastasia” in the newspaper some of them came to the hospital to see her. A few were convinced that yes, she was the daughter of the Tsar. Others, however, called her an imposter.

When the young woman became well enough she was invited to go to live with Baron von Kleist and his wife in their home. They were Russian aristocrats; if this really was Anastasia it would be very Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ useful to them to have her as their guest. This was to be the first of a long series of homes for her. Somehow she got used to moving from house to house; she had little choice.

Anastasia was a moody person. She could be very pleasant and charming and often was. However, when she was in a bad mood she could be just the opposite. At some time in the past (the night of assassination?) she had suffered a severe head injury and this could easily account for her difficult moods.

Through the years Anastasia was questioned Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ many times, most frequently by members of the Russian colony. She disliked these interrogations; however, she realised that they were necessary if she wanted to prove who she was and tried to get used to their many questions.

It was sincere belief of a number of these aristocrats that the young woman was indeed the Grand Duchess Anastasia.

Among their reasons for thinking so were these:

- after just one look into her eyes people who used to be with Anastasia almost daily as a girl were convinced she was the Grand Duchess;

- her handwriting, according to an expert Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ, was exactly like that of the true Anastasia;

- her manner was that of a person who was used to living in an imperial court;

- when talking to Russian aristocrats she brought up many incidents that only real Anastasia would know about;

- it was true that when she was awake she spoke only German but she was often heard speaking Russian in her sleep;

- many anecdotes demonstrated her validity, such as the day Tatiana, daughter of the Tsar's personal physician visited her; Anastasia reminded Tatiana of the time she, as a child, had measles and Tatiana helped put her to Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ bed – only the doctor, Tatiana and Anastasia would know about that incident.

People who insisted that the woman was an imposter claimed:

- she spoke only German because she did not know Russian;

- she looked nothing like Anastasia – for one thing, she was too short;

- she was really a Polish girl who had disappeared three days before 'Miss Unknown' was rescued from the canal;

- at times this woman was unable to answer questions that the real Anastasia would be able to reply to automatically;

- Princess Irene of Prussia, aunt of the Grand Duchess Anastasia, said after visiting the young woman Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ that this was not her niece;

- “Miss Unknown” had no documents or other proof of her identity.

In 1928 Princess Xenia, a niece of the Tsar, invited Anastasia to her home in the USA. Her stay with the Russian princess was a happy one. In order to be left alone, unbothered by newspaper reporters, Anastasia took the name of Anna Anderson.

Once again Anastasia became ill and, preferring to be in a German hospital, she returned to Europe. This was in 1931. Eventually she got over her illness, which was tuberculosis, and went to the Bavarian Black Forest to live Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ. Her stay there was a quiet one; she received only those people she wanted to see.

In 1933 she began a legal battle involving what she felt was her inheritance. The lawsuit continued for 37 years and became the longest in legal history. Finally, in 1970, it was settled, although not in Anastasia's favour. In the end the Tsar's wealth was distributed among secondary heirs.

In 1968 Anastasia went back to the United States, this time at the invitation of Dr John Manahan, a history professor at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. He invited her, he said, because he wanted 'to get Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ Anastasia's story written straight'.

On 23 December, 1968, Anastasia became Mrs John Manahan. She spent her remaining years in Charlottesville and, in general, they were not unpleasant years.

By 1970, when she made her last attempt to obtain the Tsar's property, Anastasia was old, tired and ill. Again she failed. 'It n longer matters', she said. 'After all these years I am used to being disappointed. Besides, I know who I am.' she died peacefully on 12 February, 1984. Whether or not she was the Grand Duchess Anastasia, daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, she herself sincerely believed that she was Comprehension check. МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ И НАУКИ РФ.

Comprehension check


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